Russia, country that stretches over a vast expanse of eastern Europe and northern Asia, its territory keeps a lot of secrets.
There are many mysterious megaliths, stone circles and other prehistoric artifacts scattered across Russia which may unveil the evidence of advanced ancient, lost civilizations that once inhabited this land.
These 10 amazing discoveries made by Russian archeologists have been major contributions to mankind’s scientific and cultural heritage. Ranging from the world’s oldest wooden sculpture to the prehistoric Venus-like statuette these significant findings may change our view of entire history.
1 – Prehistoric Camel Painting
A prehistoric cave painting depicting a striking two-humped camel has been uncovered in a Russian cavern famous for its ancient murals. The discovery raises questions about the migration patterns of prehistoric humans.
The image, said to date back between 14,500 to 37,700 years, was found in the Kapova Cave, part of the Southern Urals mountain range, by renowned restoration scientist Eudald Guillamet. Located in Russia’s Bashkir Ural territory, the limestone grotto is almost a natural museum to Paleolithic art with more than 150 examples of ancient depictions.
Archaeologists from Moscow State University will continue analyzing the artwork next month to figure out if it holds any more clues to the past.
2 – The Shigir Idol
Considered one of Russia’s greatest treasures, the Shigir Idol was carved around 11,000 years ago in the Mesolithic period. This is the world’s most ancient wooden sculpture, made 6,000 years before Stonehenge and the pyramids at Giza. The idol was found in 1890 when archeologists dug on the eastern slope of the mid Ural region, about 100 kilometers from Yekaterinburg.
Discovered at a depth of four meters in the Shigir peat bog (hence the name), the idol was found in pieces made of Siberian larch. Even in 1914, scholars attempted to reconstruct the idol and return its original appearance to a height of 5.3 meters.
Unfortunately, the sculpture’s lower part was lost during the period of the Russian Civil War (1918-21). Decorated with ornament and carved faces, the idol today is 2.8 meters high, and is displayed at the Sverdlovsk Regional Lore Museum in Yekaterinburg.